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-second-largest of the three territories in Canada
-the Yukon is to the west and Arctic Ocean is north.
-Nunavut is east, British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan are south.
-flower - Mountain Avens, tree - Jack Pine, bird - Gyrfalcon

PEOPLE

-population - about42 , 500people
-almost half are Dene, Inuvialuit and Metis
-others have come from other parts of Canada.
-largest city - Yellowknife (the capital), population over15 ,000.
-most people are living in the Mackenzie River Valley

HISTORY

-The first people were the Dene and the Inuit.
-Dene lived along the Mackenzie Valley ten thousand years ago.
-The first Inuit may have crossed the Bering Strait about five thousand years ago.
-Am explorer named Martin Frobisher came in1576 .
-Alexander Mackenzie discovered the Mackenzie River in1789 .
-Fur trading posts were built along the river.
-Communities grew around the trading posts.
-Yukon, Nunavut, Alberta, Saskatchewan, parts of Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec were once part of the N.W.T.
-In 1870 the area became Canada's first territory.

LAND AND WATER

-Mackenzie and Franklin Mountain Ranges are in the western area of the N.W.T.
-Mackenzie River is the longest river in Canada.
-Great Bear Lake is eighth-largest in the world.
-Great Slave Lake is the deepest lake in Canada and tenth-largest in the world.
-Part of the land is rocky, where moss, tough grasses and small willows grow.(tundra)
-Part of the N.W.T. has trees like black spruce, white spruce, birch, poplar.(taiga)
-Nahanni National Park - hot springs, glaciers and mountains.
-Wood Buffalo National Park - home of the wood bison, nesting site for whooping cranes.

RESOURCES

-mining gold, zinc, iron ore, lead, silver and diamonds (near Lac de Gras)
-oil and natural gas exploration
-hunting and trapping of beaver, lynx, fox, marten, muskrat, polar bear
-tourism - people come to see the wildlife and natural beauty.