-Nunavut became Canada's third territory
on April1 ,1999 . -It is the largest territory and has
one-fifth of the land in Canada. -Nunavut is made up of a mainland and
many islands in the Arctic Ocean. -Baffin Island and Ellesmere Island are
two large islands. -The Northwest Territories is west of
Nunavut. -There are about 26 settlements. -Nunavut's capital is Iqaluit. -flower - purple saxifrage -motto - Nunavut, our strength -"Nunavut" means "our land" in the
Inuit language of Inuktitut.
-Nunavut is the home to about25 , 000people. -The Inuit are the aboriginal people
who make up 85 percent of the population. -Inuktitut is the language of the Inuit. -Some people have come from other parts
of Canada. -English, French and Inuktitut are the
languages spoken in Nunavut. -The towns are very small and far away
from each other. -Airplanes bring supplies if towns can't
be reached by road. -On Baffin Island the Inuit still hunt
and fish for survival.
IQALUIT (ee-kha-lu-eet) -largest community in Nunavut; population4300 -Canada's most northern capital -became capital of Nunavut on April1 ,
1999 -"Iqaluit" means "the place of many fish" -located on the southern tip of Baffin
Island -winter activities : dog sledding, snowmobiling, ice-fishing -was an airbase in the1940 s
-The first people to live in Nunavut were
the Inuit. -They used to live in small hunting and
fishing camps. -Fur trading posts were set up in the
1700s. -In 1870 the territories belonged to Canada
-Inuit way of life changed. They forgot their native traditions.
-The Canadian government urged the Inuit to settle in communities.
-The Inuit requested their own territory.
LAND AND WATER
-The land and water are frozen most of the
year. -The Arctic waters are covered with ice
floes. -Icebergs break off from the glaciers
and fall into the sea. -The land is covered with sheets of ice,
water pools and rivers. -In winter you can't tell where the land
ends and the sea begins. -There are also mountains and tundra. -Moss, tough grasses and small willow shrubs grow on the tundra. -The soil is frozen. (Fruits and vegetables
are flown in.) -Ellesmere Island National Park Reserve
is Canada's most northern park. -It is a polar desert with very little snowfall.
-tourism: People come to fish, hike, camp,
hunt, to see the wildlife. -mining: copper, lead, silver, zinc,
iron, gold and diamonds, oil and gas -fishing : whitefish and Arctic char -factories : packaging the raw fish and
meat -sale of Inuit arts and crafts (soapstone
-The Inuit believe in taking care of the
land and the wildlife. -wildlife : muskoxen, caribou, polar
bears, arctic foxes, whales and seals. -They eat the meat of muskoxen, caribou,
whales and seals. They also fish. -Clothing is made from the furs of the
muskoxen, polar bears, arctic foxes and seals.
PEOPLE AND PLACES
Kusugak writes about the Inuit way of life.
Susan Aglukark is a singer-songwriter and the first Inuit recording artist.
In April the people of Iqualuit
celebrate the coming of Spring. They have dogteam and snowmobile races
and contests (hunting, fishing, igloo-building, harpoon-throwing).
INUKSUIT stone towers were used
as markers. They were made by the Inuit long ago to show the way for travellers.