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-Alberta is one of the three prairie provinces.
-It is the fourth-largest province.
-Saskatchewan is east of Alberta; British Columbia is west.
-The Northwest Territories are north of Alberta.
-Alberta was named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta of Britain.
-Edmonton is the capital city.
-Alberta's flower - Wild Rose, tree - Lodgepole Pine, bird - Great Horned Owl
-Alberta's motto - "strong and free".
-It is known as Canada's "energy province".

THE PEOPLE

-Alberta is the home of nearly 3 million people.
-The largest cities are Edmonton (capital) and Calgary.
-Half of the people of Alberta live in these two cities.
-Immigrants came from Britain, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, the East and Southeast Asia.
-Ethnic backgrounds - British ( 44percent), German, Ukranian, French, Scandinavian, Dutch,
and many other countries

HISTORY

-The first people were the:
Slavey, Chipewyan, Kootenay, Beaver, Cree, Sarcee, Blood, Piegan, Gros Ventre and Blackfoot.
-In the north they hunted moose and deer and gathered plants and berries.
-On the plains they hunted the bison and lived in tipis.

-Anthony Henday ( European explorer ) came to Alberta in1754 .
-Fur traders built trading posts.
-Forts were built to keep law and order.
-Alberta grew when the railroad was built in1886 .
-Immigrants came from Ukraine and many parts of Europe to farm.
-It became a province in1905 .

LAND AND WATER

-The main rivers are the Peace River, North and South Saskatchewan River, and Athabasca River.
-There are icefields in Banff and Jasper National Parks.
-The icefields help to fill the rivers.
-There are five national parks.
-Banff National Park is the oldest national park in Canada.
-Wood Buffalo National Park is the home to about 2200 wood buffalo (endangered).
-A large mountain range ( Rocky Mountains ) is along the western border.
-The badlands ( dry, sandy, rocky area) are in southern Alberta.
-Northern Alberta is covered with forest and muskeg.

RESOURCES

-Alberta has oil, natural gas, and coal.
-It is the main producer of coal in Canada.
-The province is also the main producer of oil and natural gas in Canada.
-Alberta sells the oil, natural gas and coal to other provinces and other countries.
-There is also sulfur, silica sand, potash, quartz, thick salt deposits, clay and limestone.
-Forests cover over half of Alberta.
-There is good soil for growing crops like oats, canola and barley.
-The main crop is wheat. Alberta is the second largest producer of wheat in Canada.
-There are many dairy farms and cattle ranches.
-Most of the beef cattle in Canada are raised on ranches in the southern foothills.

PEOPLE AND PLACES

-Calgary stampede has bull riding, calf roping and wagon racing.
-Dinosaur Provincial Park is in the badlands.
-A 9 m. high Ukranian Easter egg is displayed at Vegreville, east of Edmonton.
-Figure skater Kurt Browning (born in Caroline, Alberta) won four World Championships.